One type of injury has become strongly associated with both Oklahoma military veterans and athletes: brain injury. The injury typically results from a violent blow to the head. Signs and symptoms of brain damage can manifest themselves immediately or days later. For Oklahoma residents who may be concerned about loved ones sustaining such injuries, the following signs and symptoms can help them decide when treatment is needed.
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can affect a person's physical and psychological well-being. Physical symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury include loss of balance, sleeping more than usual, difficulty sleeping, drowsiness, vomiting, headache and loss of consciousness for seconds or minutes. A person with a brain injury can also have problems with sensory input, such as being sensitive to sound or light, having difficulty smelling, having a bad taste in his or her mouth and having blurred vision or ringing in the ears. Brain injury can also cause a person to feel depressed and have mood swings and memory problems.
A person with moderate to severe TBI may exhibit physical symptoms, such as loss of coordination, weakness in fingers and toes, seizures, convulsions, repeated vomiting, persistent headache and loss of consciousness. Moderate to severe TBI can also lead to coma, slurred speech, unusual behavior and profound confusion.
Children who suffer from brain injury may exhibit different symptoms than adults. They can lose interest in various activities, have sudden changes in sleeping habits, have difficulties paying attention, become easily irritable and cry persistently after a brain injury.
A person showing signs of brain injury must be rushed to the nearest hospital to prevent the injury from becoming worse. If the injury resulted from someone else's recklessness or misconduct, which often happens in car accidents, the injured party may be entitled to compensation through a personal injury claim.
Source: Mayoclinic.org, "Symptoms," accessed on Oct. 19, 2014